Setting up Postfix to send mails via external mail-account

Preliminary note

See also:

A typical email scenario: you're a developer, and you've got a development Linux box at home. You need to be able to send emails from your code or cron jobs, but you're too lazy to set up a full fledged email server on your LAN. Or you just want to use an email account provided by Google Apps, Yahoo, your ISP or in our case a iRedMail-installation.

Install postfix

Should be preinstalled, as it is the default mail-handler with CentOS

yum install postfix cyrus-sasl cyrus-sasl-gssapi cyrus-sasl-plain

configure postfix

vim /etc/postfix/
# line 100...
myorigin =
# Set this to your email provider's smtp server.
# A lot of ISP's (ie. Cox) block the default port 25
# for home users to prevent spamming.  So we'll use port 80
# line 319...
relayhost =

# add at end of file...
smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = yes
smtpd_sasl_path = smtpd
smtp_use_tls = yes
smtp_sasl_password_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/sasl_passwd
smtp_sasl_type = cyrus
smtp_sasl_auth_enable = yes

# optional: necessary if email provider uses load balancing and
# forwards emails to another smtp server
# for delivery (ie: -->
smtp_cname_overrides_servername = no

# optional: necessary if email provider
# requires passwords sent in clear text
smtp_sasl_security_options = noanonymous

canonical_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/canonical

additionally we need to know the server and email-address as well as the password to use

vim /etc/postfix/sasl_passwd

The above server hostname and port must exactly match the value for "relayhost" in /etc/postfix/

Generate a postfix lookup table from the previous file

postmap hash:/etc/postfix/sasl_passwd

Test the lookup table, if all is good then the following will return the specified username:password

postmap -q /etc/postfix/sasl_passwd

next is to bind the local username to the email-address. You may also have a look into /etc/aliases and check who's mail are sent to whom.

vim /etc/postfix/canonical


The above email-address must exactly match the email-address in sasl_passwd.

Generate a postfix lookup table from the previous file

postmap hash:/etc/postfix/canonical

Make sure that sasl_passwd and sasl_passwd.db files are readable/writeable only by root

chmod 600 /etc/postfix/sasl_passwd
chmod 600 /etc/postfix/sasl_passwd.db

Add postfix to be started at boot

systemctl enable postfix

Test postfix

Fire up Postfix

systemctl start postfix

Test it out using sendmail alias from the command prompt

Postfix is good to go.

Updated by Jeremias (Admin) Keihsler over 4 years ago · 2 revisions